A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb by J. Forsyth

By J. Forsyth

This ebook used to be initially released in 1970. point - the connection among imperfective and perfective verbs - has consistently been one of many good points of Russian grammar that English-speaking scholars locate fairly tough. It has in reality usually an insoluble secret, principally due to the frequency of exceptions to the said ideas. Mr Forsyth means that this is often the fault of the principles, and that the problems within the approach of figuring out the functioning of element stem mainly from the defective foundation of the conventional definitions. The operation of imperfective and perfective are tested in all types of the verb together with the principal, infinitive, participles and gerunds, and their utilization is abundantly illustrated through examples from Russian. the purpose is to give a complete photo of point within the Russian language with a view to be of useful curiosity to complex scholars of Russian, and in addition contributed to the theoretical examine of element as a grammatical type.

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Extra info for A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb

Example text

IIOCTY\[aTh knock y'iHn. learn, BbJY'fllTh teach Hay'iHn. o6yillin. feel IIO'IYBCTBO'IYBcraoBan. IIO'IYBcTBOBan. Ban. g. 6oJien. 'be ill', :>IC,IJ;an. 'wait', xarr1> 'live', ucxaTb 'seek', JIHTb 'pour', mo6:Hn. 'love', rmaxan. 'weep', 116MHHT1> 'remember', cH,D;en. ' sit', c11aT1> 'sleep'. rryqliT1> 'receive' etc. 1 Criteria The differences of opinion among the dictionaries show that it is not easy to establish firm criteria for aspectual pairs which will satisfy the requirement that the two members of a pair should be identical in meaning in all respects except aspect.

G. l;:HTL 'give birth', po,ruIT:&ca 'be born', and 6e)l(aTb in the meaning 'flee, escape'. g. BeneTbx. g. B,npyr OH BenenP 0Txp:b1Tb or6HL 'Suddenly he gave the command to open fire'; Kaxc,nbtii: ,neHb OH BeJieJii' 'IT06bI om! n HHM 'Every day he ordered them to be brought before him'. rrHcbP B'lepa 'They got married yesterday'. g. npecoBaTb 'address', aTaKoBaTb 'attack', ronocoBaTb 'vote', Hccne,noBaTh 'investigate', KOJIJieKTHBH3HpoBaTb 'collectivise', opraHH3oBaTb 'organise', pexoMeH,noBaTb 'recommend', TeneoH:HpoBaTb 'telephone' etc.

G. npecoBaTb 'address', aTaKoBaTb 'attack', ronocoBaTb 'vote', Hccne,noBaTh 'investigate', KOJIJieKTHBH3HpoBaTb 'collectivise', opraHH3oBaTb 'organise', pexoMeH,noBaTb 'recommend', TeneoH:HpoBaTb 'telephone' etc. l He xo'ly nyraTh Te6il:, HO BpeMeHliMH y MeHil: oruyra;eHHe, 6y,nTO He cer6,D;IDI 3aBTpa MeHil: apecTy10TP. ) 'I don't want to frighten you, but I have the feeling that they'll arrest me any day now'. That this lack of formal expression of aspect is felt to be undesirable is shown by the fact that the number of originally Russian verbs of this type is very small, and that there is a tendency to derive forms which are unambiguously of one or other aspect.

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