A Grammar of Boumaa Fijian by R. M. W. Dixon

By R. M. W. Dixon

The folk who reside within the Boumaa area of the Fijian island of Taveuni converse a dialect of Fijian that's at the same time intelligible with normal Fijian, the 2 differing as a lot maybe as do the yank and British forms of English. in the course of 1985, R. M. W. Dixon—one of the main insightful of linguists engaged in descriptive experiences today—lived within the village of Waitabu and studied the language spoken there. He present in Boumaa Fijian a wealth of remarkable positive aspects unknown in normally studied languages and at the foundation of his fieldwork ready this grammar.Fijian is an agglutinating language, one within which phrases are shaped by means of the profligate combining of morphemes. There are not any case inflections, and demanding and element as proven via self reliant clitics or phrases inside a predicate advanced. so much verbs are available either transitive and intransitive varieties, and nouns could be building up usually from verbal elements and verbs from nouns. The language can also be marked via a hugely constructed pronoun procedure and via a vocabulary wealthy in parts of social significance.In the outlet chapters, Dixon describes the Islands' political, social, and linguistic association, outlines the details of Fijian phonology, and offers an summary of the grammar. In succeeding chapters, he examines a couple of grammatical subject matters in better element, together with clause and word constitution, verbal syntax, deictics, and anaphora. the quantity additionally incorporates a complete vocabulary of all varieties handled in dialogue and 3 of the fifteen texts recorded from monolingual village elders on which the grammar is predicated.

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The meaning of depreciate is given by the phrase set off by the commas. " WHAT DO YOU KNOW? Now try the next two examples yourself. Write a definition of the italicized word in each of the following sentences, using the blank space provided. 1: Due to their negligence, their extreme carelessness, the plastic melted and the project was ruined. negligence: ________________ A1: 2: Negligence is defined for you by the word carelessness. The shipment of goods, the consignment, arrived four days late.

Circle the letter next to the answer that best defines the italicized word. Use common sense and the context clues of example to help you decide. 1: The most common forms of remuneration for work in that company are weekly salary and cash bonuses. (a) vacation 41 42 (b) recognition (c) pay (d) schedule A1: 2: The examples of remuneration are salary and bonuses. Remuneration is pay. The firm bought new machinery, new delivery vans, and a piece of property for a larger building. These acquisitions were costly and used all the firm's savings.

Which are one-way? 63 64 Exchange, converse, correspond, and interact require two people (or more), and we could describe them as being two-way actions. The words inform, explain, declare, write, act, and instruct refer only to the speaker or writer, and we might categorize these as one-way actions. The remaining two words, listen and read, are also one-way activities. Sending or Receiving Many more words represent one-way actions than two-way actions. The "one-way" words may themselves be categorized in different ways.

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