By Nora C. England
This is often the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken this day through over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the kingdom of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of in depth fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language is predicated at the dialect of Mam spoken by way of 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam in response to complementary rules: to research Mam following primarily conventional degrees of grammatical description and to offer fabric in this kind of method that the historical past info worthwhile for figuring out every one subject of dialogue shall were formerly supplied. as a result, England's research of the sound approach and morphophonemic strategies of Mam is by way of an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in reading a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's cutting edge towards strengthening the ergative process. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is cutting edge, and consequently it truly is uniquely fascinating either traditionally and theoretically.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language
Function in the sentence. 3 b'ix for negative construction. mii7n 'no; ~ nlaay negates verbs in potential and imperative' milaay 'it's not possible' 'and' mo 'or' ii 'and (Sp)' pera 'but (Sp)' mijuun 'no one' entoons mi7aal 'negates human locative or existential predicates' pwees tz'iinan ~ nti7 'no one/nothing is here' miti7 yajtzan ax tials; sineke rative' ~ nyaa7 'then. 3 tzluu7 ja7ka ok 'it's possible' 'yes' kii 'it's okay' jo07 'yes' baay 'okay (Sp)' byeen 'good. okay (Sp)' weena 'good. 8 Demonstratives 'a little while ago' 'early (Sp)' alpiin 'always' 'after (Sp) , 'still' priimx 'by accident' 'at last (Sp)' 'soon' 'this one/that one' 'this.
They are mentioned here only to the extent that certain root eel kub'- Word classes corre + taal + pool (see 8. In certain types of subordinate constructions ergative markers replace absolutive markers to cross-reference the subject of an intransitive verb or the patient of a transitive verb, but the distribution pattern ROOTS AND WORDS 5 56 ROOTS AND WORDS described above applies in all independent clauses and de enclitics as 1, 2, 3 singular and plural, the prefixes in fines Mam verb/argument morphology as ergative (see also chap fact only indicate four different persons--the presence or ter 6).
Al 'specific termination'. The last of these has a slightly different pattern from the first three, so I will the consonant in some forms, which is similar to the above discuss the others first. variation except that the initial glottal stop can then drop processive imperative suffixes pattern according to the fol after prefixes. lowing rules: 1. ' 'take/bring' ma txi wii7na 'I took it' Glottal stops which occur before glottalized consonants usually disappear: (~, ~, ~, 1, The participle, processive, and ~, ~), the glottal stop moves to that long vowel.