By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang
This ebook is a whole reference grammar of Qiang, one of many minority languages of southwest China, spoken through approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in Aba Tibetan and Qiang self sustaining Prefecture in northern Sichuan Province. It belongs to the Qiangic department of Tibeto-Burman (one of the 2 significant branches of Sino-Tibetan). The dialect awarded within the ebook is the Northern Qiang kind spoken in Ronghong Village, Yadu Township, Chibusu District, Mao County. This booklet, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, is the results of a long time of labor at the language, and is as typologically complete as attainable. It comprises not just the reference grammar, but in addition an ethnological evaluation, a number of absolutely analyzed texts (mostly conventional stories), and an annotated word list. The language is verb ultimate, agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), and has either head-marking and established marking morphology. The phonology of Qiang is kind of advanced, with 39 consonants at seven issues of articulation, plus complicated consonant clusters, either in preliminary and ultimate place, in addition to vowel concord, vowel size differences, and a collection of retroflexed vowels. The grammar additionally
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Extra info for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library)
All of the fieldwork was carried out in Chinese, and the first draft of the grammar and stories had only Chinese glosses. The glosses and free translations were then translated into English. 9 For this reason the glosses are in a sense twice-removed (twice-translated) from the Qiang, and so some ambiguities may have been introduced that were not in the first translation. hk). The glossary is also available as a freestanding Hypercard™ application which includes the original Chinese glosses (and the Qugu lexical data mentioned above), for those who might be able to make use of it.
Qu|an-t|ou [fisthead] Æfistﬂ, ch—î-t|ou [eat-head] Æthe quality of being good to eatﬂ. The suffix /-p/, as suggested by James A. , 1997), may derive from the common Tibeto-Burman suffix *-pa. 17e), below. 17) a. b. c. d. t˚ip z˙p mutup duåp Æmasterﬂ Æearth, groundﬂ Æskyﬂ Æthighﬂ < t˚i < z˙ < mutu < duå Æhouseﬂ Æground, landﬂ Æskyﬂ Ælegﬂ 46 The noun phrase e. f. g. h. i. j. Ù˙ﬁp m˙ziq-p˙ ji-såq qhåq ˚t˚åq-lu ®uaq ÆHan personﬂ Ætalk in sleepﬂ Æfingerﬂ [hand-section] Æbitterﬂ Æthink of, wantﬂ Ælightﬂ < Ù˙ﬁ < m˙zi < så < qhå < ˚t˚i < ®ue ÆHan personﬂ Æsleepﬂ Æsection, jointﬂ Æbitterﬂ Æheartﬂ Æbrightﬂ There may even be related sets that have the same root but differ in terms of the finals, such as /liaq/ Æpenisﬂ and /lie®/ Æsperm, semenﬂ, though I do not have enough evidence to be sure of this sort of connection.
Chapter 2 The phonological system In the context of Tibeto-Burman, the phonological system of Qiang is rather complex, as there are a large number of consonants, both in initial and final position, and a large number of complex consonant clusters, also both in initial and final position. In particular, having such a variety of consonant finals and clusters sets it apart from most other SinoTibetan languages. While the basic vowel inventory is not large, there are phonemic length and r-coloring distinctions.