By Lichtenberk, Frantisek
Toqabaqita is an Austronesian language spoken via nearly 13,000 humans at the island of Malaita within the south-eastern Solomon Islands. This two-volume grammar is the 1st accomplished description of the language, in accordance with the author's box paintings. The grammar bargains with the phonology, morphology, syntax, and discourse styles of the language, in addition to with its touch with Solomon Islands Pijin. it will likely be of unique curiosity to typologists and to experts in Austronesian linguistics.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Toqabaqita (Mouton Grammar Library)
AND And it is even possible for ‘or’ to be realized as /mana/ rather than /mada/. The form /mana/ is most likely the result of “reintroduction” of the second /a/ of /mada/. ) Even though, with the qualifications just mentioned, prenasalization is an automatic feature of certain sounds, it is, in a sense, detachable from them, as just described. Moreover, prenasalization seems to be relatively salient. 1. 2, when Solomon Islands Pijin or English words contain a sequence of a nasal followed by a voiceless stop and such words are accommodated to the phonological patterns of Toqabaqita, the nasal-voiceless stop sequence is usually realized as a prenasalized voiced stop of the same place of articulation as that of the consonants in the original cluster.
3. Occurrence of segments Some of the consonants occur or tend to occur only in certain environments. The labial-velars /kdp/ and /gdb/ occur only before the non-back vowels /+/, /'/, and /a/: (2-20) a. c. e. ’ b. d. f. /agdba/ ‘hide’ /gdb'n/ ‘mushroom’ /gdb+na/ ‘be wet’ /w/ occurs almost without exception only word-initially and stem-initially before /a/ and /'/: (2-21) a. b. c. d. a-wa'la/ CAUS-laugh /w'la/ /w''-w'la/ RDP-child ‘worm’ ‘make sb. +/ ‘of illness: ease a little’. a/, which does not appear to be analyzable.
The child of the [masculine] thing’) There are many disyllabic lexical and some grammatical morphemes that contain geminate vowels. For example: (2-29) a. b. c. d. e. f. g. /raa/ (intr. ) ‘work’ /077/ (intr. 77/ anterior-continuing postverbal particle There are several pieces of evidence that such words are indeed disyllabic, rather than monosyllabic with a lengthened vowel (to make them bimoraic). First, even though in fast speech the two vowels are sometimes realized as one long one, normally there is rearticulation of the vowels.