By Wilhelm Windelband
This Elibron Classics publication is a facsimile reprint of a 1901 version by way of the Macmillan corporation, ny.
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Extra resources for A History of Philosophy; With Especial Reference to the Formation and Development of Its Problems and Conceptions
The Socratic Paradoxes and the Greek Mind (Chapel Hill, 1967), 191 n. 15; T. J. Saunders, 'The Socratic Paradoxes in Plato's Laws' ['Socratic'], Hermes, 96 (1968), 421-34 at 428-9; and Stalley, Introduction, 158. The primary motivation for the Good Conscience interpretation comes from Laws 863 E 5—864 A 8, where the Athenian states that when the opinion about the best (rj TOV ápíarov Só^a) rules in a person's soul, then even if it is in some way mistaken (KCLV o^áXX^raí n], what the person does on account ofthat opinion is just.
Guide, 71-91. 16 34 Joshua Wilburn an individual accepts a given law as promoting her happiness, she will be motivated to live in accordance with that law precisely because she takes it to promote her happiness. The golden cord, then, represents the collective pull of all the correct laws and principles (I will henceforth refer to all of these as 'laws') that a person accepts in her pursuit of what is good for her. Or, in other words, the golden cord's constant tug is the individual's desire to achieve her own good and her consequent desire to adhere to the correct laws that she believes optimally promote that good.
10 While he does not think the text decides among this range of options, it is important to note that all of them suggest something new in Plato's moral psychological picture: they all posit something extra that we can do to make ourselves act after all of our desires are in place, and they all suggest that the 'we' who does it is something over and above our desires and judgements. 11 That something extra was not in the picture in the tripartite moral psychology of the Republic, so 8 This is explicit in Bobonich ('Akrasia', 19), who says that the golden cord must pick out instances of calculation, and that it represents an all-things-considered judgement about what is best for the agent.