By Abdi Ismail Samatar
Abdi Ismail Samatar presents a transparent and foundational background of Somalia on the sunrise of the country’s independence while Africa’s first democrats seemed. whereas many African international locations have been ruled via authoritarian rulers after they entered the postcolonial era―and students have assumed this as a regular function of political management at the continent―Somalia had an genuine democratic management. Samatar’s political biography of Aden A. Osman and Abdirazak H. Hussen breaks the stereotype of brutal African tyranny. Samatar discusses the framing of democracy in Somalia following the years of keep an eye on by means of fascist Italy, the formation of democratic corporations in the course of the political fight, and the institution of democratic foundations within the new kingdom. even if this early situation didn't final, those leaders left at the back of a robust democratic legacy which can offer a version of excellent governance for the remainder of the continent.
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Additional resources for Africa’s First Democrats: Somalia’s Aden A. Osman and Abdirazak H. Hussen
Osman’s father returned to Hiran after one of the sayyid’s setbacks. The destitute father and son took a difficult journey and migrated Aden A. Osman | 15 farther south. Abdulle Osman worked as a livestock herder for other families in the region. One day a lion attacked him while he was tending the flock and mangled one of his legs, crippling him so that he could not now fulfill his herding duties. The family that he worked for continued to support him and his son. When the family moved to a new grazing area, the crippled man was left alone in the old settlement.
However, his religious father wanted to ensure that his sons gained a basic knowledge of Islam and consequently looked for a Quranic teacher. Once Haji Hussen secured the service of a teacher from the coastal port of Eil, he arranged that his camel herd did not move too far from the settlement so as to enable his children to learn the Quran. This arrangement lasted for three years, and Hussen was able 30 | Africa’s First Democrats to memorize nine Juz of the Quran. Unfortunately, the father suddenly died and the boy and his young siblings were left parentless.
A year later, he registered as a third grader in an adult elementary school and continued to work as a nurse while attending classes in the evenings. He completed the adult program and earned a certificate that showed exceptional merit. Osman desired to continue his education but was unable to do so since colonial authorities limited native education to five years. Osman implored the nuns and the priests who ran the school to allow him to continue his studies, but they told him that further schooling for his kind was not possible.