All About Osteoarthritis: The Definitive Resource for by Nancy E. Lane

By Nancy E. Lane

Osteoarthritis afflicts approximately 25 million humans within the United States--two-thirds of every body over 65--and the numbers will basically develop within the coming years as child boomers age. but few who are suffering from this illness understand a lot approximately it--how to alleviate the ache, what workouts may also help decrease their anguish, the best way to diminish on visits to the healthcare professional. In All approximately Osteoarthritis, best gurus at the disease--Nancy E. Lane and Daniel J. Wallace--join forces to supply the main up to date and complete dialogue of osteoarthritis on hand, explaining what osteoarthritis is, how sufferers can assist themselves, and the way to discover the simplest assets to control the affliction. The authors supply info in a transparent and obtainable kind, with specified illustrations exhibiting how key joints--knees, hips, palms, backs, fingers, and necks--degenerate. They take readers throughout the steps of analysis, how the physique is affected, and how one can deal with the affliction. In effortless language, they describe the entire demonstrated treatments, together with new medicines and their unwanted side effects, and aid readers be certain while surgical procedure should be worthy. The authors additionally study substitute remedies, clarifying which paintings, that may paintings, and which certainly don't. and so they define fresh advances within the box and talk about the place those breakthroughs could lead us. whereas osteoarthritis so much acutely impacts the aged, it begins years earlier than, and plenty of humans endure the aches and pains of the situation good prior to outdated age. For getting older child boomers, a lot should be performed prior to osteoarthritis turns into persistent and debilitating. This entire advisor will supply an exceptional source for sufferers and their households, caregivers, and doctors.

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Extra info for All About Osteoarthritis: The Definitive Resource for Arthritis Patients and Their Families

Example text

Arthritis spe­ cialists have evolved techniques of "balloting" or maneuvering a joint to estimate how much fluid is present and whether the fluid is within the joint or one of its adjacent bursae (the sacs cushioning the joint). Painful swelling usually implies that an inflammatory process is ongo­ 46 How Does a Doctor Evaluate Osteoarthritis? Table 5: Symptoms and signs associated with osteoarthritis Symptoms (Patient complaints) Signs (Physical findings) Pain Stiffness Swelling Achy muscles or joints Fatigue Weakness Deformity Discomfort or abnormality with motion Limitation in stamina or endurance Color changes Swelling Warmth or tenderness to touch Crepitation Abnormal posture or gait ing.

The first tells us about the contents of a structure, the latter de­ lineates its function. In addition to a plain X-ray, musculoskeletal specialists may use three additional methods for looking at structures: an ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI scan. When are these procedures indicated? Ultrasounds use sound waves to evaluate soft tissue structures. Using no radiation or dyes, the ultrasound is a painless procedure. It can mea­ sure cysts, bursae, and masses under the skin, and can evaluate sarcomas, tumors, and measure joint fluid.

Is the pain localized or deep, and what is its charac­ ter? Is it crampy, persistent, intermittent, boring, or a shooting pain, as experience with nerve injuries? Is there numbness, tingling, or burning associated with it? Is it severe or intense? When did it start? Was there an injury? What activities make the pain better or worse? Is it getting better or worse? How long has the discomfort been present and what have you done for it? What can't you do as a result of this? Has your lifestyle changed in any way?

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