Evolution and the Future: Anthropology, Ethics, Religion

Top students from a variety of disciplines learn the relevance of evolutionary idea for destiny advancements, wherein the fields of anthropology, ethics, and theology are thought of specifically aspect. the most elements of the gathering are devoted to the next 3 questions: What are the fundamental ideas of evolutionary approaches? Is it morally valid to steer evolution by way of enhancement applied sciences? what's the dating among evolutionary idea and trust in God?

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Evolution and the Future: Anthropology, Ethics, Religion (Beyond Humanism: Trans- and Posthumanism, Volume 5)

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Extra info for Evolution and the Future: Anthropology, Ethics, Religion (Beyond Humanism: Trans- and Posthumanism, Volume 5)

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This second option does not simply expand upon the first; it can actually conflict with it. The animal world admittedly also knows of acts that we would call heroic and altruistic had they been performed by a human being: some individuals do sacrifice themselves for others, in particular females for their offspring. Animals however perform these acts directly, without first asking if they should sacrifice themselves in the first place. This kind of behavior can be extended in two ways, both unknown to the animal world: Should I sacrifice myself for people other than my children, perhaps even for non-relatives?

Genetic manipulation might be perceived as less acceptable because it is a relatively new procedure – at least when applied to human beings – and therefore carries the possibility of unforeseen risks. Gene therapy, in particular, has received bad press after a few cases in which potential dangers did manifest. At the current level of technology, this is probably valid: our grasp of genetic modification and its effects remains tenuous, and to apply these techniques as they exist at present would involve a substantial and probably unacceptable chance of unpredictable, possibly harmful consequences.

This possibility has raised considerable debate: Is human enhancement acceptable and how far should we go in pursuit of this goal? What will the use of enhancement technologies mean for the future of humanity, and what exactly do we mean when we speak of humanity? This paper has three parts. In the first part I set out an argument in support of human enhancement, covering in brief the main issues that have arisen during the debate; and argue that enhancement is not only morally acceptable but is a morally worthwhile goal to the point of being an obligation.

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