Political Organization in Nigeria Since the Late Stone Age: by John Nwachimereze Oriji

By John Nwachimereze Oriji

This groundbreaking examine presents huge insights into the alterations Igbo heritage and political structures have gone through because the past due Stone Age. It discusses vital methodological difficulties in African historiography, wondering the perspectives of synchronists, who create the deceptive effect that the Igbo have consistently lived in a static, kinship-orientated, and stateless society all through their historical past. Adopting a diachronic and comparative method, writer John N. Oriji explains how the interaction of monetary, social, technological, and different components have replaced the heritage of the Igbo and their politico-religious firms over the years. In doing so, he increases severe questions about social stratification, cosmology, gender, and the prevailing typologies of African political systems.  

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But the impact of external factors is 20 ● Political Organization in Nigeria since the Late Stone Age dependent on the internal structures of the society and its location. Take, for example, Igbo communities located on the Niger and its tributaries such as Nri, Onitsha, Aboh, and others. They were engaged in international trade, which enabled them to acquire new ideas and technologies. The communities also experienced considerable population movements from the Igala area, the Benin Empire, and other places during certain periods of their history.

Their leisure time was spent in dances, ritual activities, and other ceremonies involving the consumption of their surplus foods. The sociopolitical organization of foragers was based on rudimentary kinship principles. They were a stateless and nomadic people who did not settle in a particular place with defined borders. In addition, foragers did not have a government, with its complex structures involved in law making, law arbitration, and law application. These complex structures developed when the Igbo, Yoruba, Edo, and others shifted from foraging to agriculture during the Late Stone Age.

59 The markets were held during the weekly propitiation ceremony of Ala, a major religious festival involving the entire community. 60 The taboos of Ala were strictly enforced, and those who violated them faced dire consequences, including ritual cleansing of the goddess for committing an act of abomination (iru ala, alu). C. 61 Available evidence suggests that local trade, which dates back to the founding of the mini states, was dominated by women. The goods bartered in the local markets were primarily yams and cocoyams, fishes, vegetables, salt, and other foods, as well as basic utilities like pots, traps, and clothing.

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