By Geoff Harris
This finished paintings examines ways that constructing international locations could in achieving financial, political and social reconstruction within the wake of armed clash. foreign researchers talk about such concerns as girls and kids within the restoration technique, refugees and the position of reduction, the reintegration of ex-combatants and community-led restoration. Case reports concentration upon Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia, Mozambique, South Africa and Sri Lanka.
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Additional resources for Recovery from Armed Conflict in Developing Countries (Routledge Studies in Development Economics, 14)
1994, ‘Power, genocide and mass murder’, Journal of Peace Research 31 (1), 1–10. Ryan, S. 1995, ‘Transforming violent intercommunal conflict’, in K. ), Conflict Transformation, London, St Martins Press. Sivard, R. 1993, World Military and Social Expenditures, Washington, DC, World Priorities. 36 Part II ISSUES OF RECONSTRUCTION AND RECOVERY 4 RECONSTRUCTION, RECOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT The main tasks Geoff Harris How wars end We noted in Chapter 1 that on average during the 1980s and 1990s there were between thirty and forty major armed conflicts in progress.
Costa Rica is one country which opted, in 1948, for security by civil means, and has as a result achieved remarkable levels of social development along with high levels of political freedom (Harris 1996b). Its achievements are all the more impressive when the experiences of its immediate neighbours are considered. 6 Notes 1 Traditionally, and in spite of obvious problems, costs of war are invariably presented in current prices. 179). 892). 3 For one recent example, on the financing of the Sri Lankan civil war, see Harris (1996a).
New conflicts may emerge if expectations are not addressed or if one group begins to feel marginalised by the new government. The way a war ends, as well as its intensity and duration, will affect the durability of the peace. A clear victory of one side over another or the emergence of a state can provide an opportunity for structural violence to be tackled. These types of peace settlement, and the imposition of negative peace by the international community, are more likely to be associated with flows of foreign resources which can be used for peacebuilding purposes.