By Joseph Agassi
The thesis of the current quantity is important and twin. (1) modern philosophy of guy and sciences of guy be afflicted by the Greek mis taken polarization of every thing human into nature and conference that is (allegedly) solid and evil, that is (allegedly) fact and fal sity, that's (allegedly) rationality and irrationality, to wit, the polar ization of all fields of inquiry, the typical and social sciences, in addition to ethics and all expertise, even if usual or social, into the utterly optimistic and the utterly adverse. (2) just about all philosophy and sci ences of guy percentage the misguided paintings ethic that is the parable of man's evil nature - the parable of the beast in guy, the doctrine of unique sin. To mediate or to compromise among the 1st view of human nature pretty much as good with the second one view of it as evil, sociologists have devised a transformed utilitarianism with deferred gratification so known as, and the idea of the evil of synthetic pageant (capitalist and socialist alike) and of maintaining with the Joneses. Now, the mediation isn't really valuable. For, the polarization makes for summary mistakes that are simplistic perspectives of rationality, corresponding to reductionism and positivism of every type, in addition to for concrete error, corresponding to the disposition to sentence time and again these human weaknesses that are inevitable, specifically man's lack of ability to be completely rational, keep away from all mistakes, and so on. , hence surroundings guy opposed to himself as all too wicked.
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Additional info for Towards a Rational Philosophical Anthropology
R. Popper, Conjectures and Refutations, London and New York, 1963, p. 368 n. Georg Simmel introduced the term "philosophical sociology" to express the view that philosophical anthropology equals meta-sociology, or as a synonym to "meta-sociology", or to denote sociology proper. , in Kurt H. Wolff, op. , p. 312: " ... In its relation to the existing [human] sciences, sociology is therefore a new method, an instrument of investigation, a new way of getting at the subject matter of all those sciences.
Medical men define addiction, as distinct from, say, mere habit, as that habitual consumption whose stoppage causes withdrawal symptoms; and withdrawal symptoms are, of course, of the autonomous nervous system. This is all cock-and-bull. g. alcohol and opium. And even when addictive, it can be cured - by hope. g. heroin and methadone. g. food and gambling. All this is to no avail and arguing with medical people and with drug rehabilitation people on these lines only makes them blow their cool. It is hard to know what makes people boasting of scientific attitudes to lose their tempers when facing refuting evidence.
Georg Simmel's metaphysical idea of sociology has been developed carefully and in quite some detail by Nicholas J. Spykman, in his The Social Theory of Georg Simmel. New York, 1965. What is most conspicuous in this book is the clear and systematic use of the word "metaphysics" in the proper traditional sense - eVidently thanks to Simmel or to Kant and his immense influence on Simmel. Spykman notices, mainly, the fact that sociologism is a metaphysics which renders sociology the queen, the embracing framework or the foundation, of all social sciences.